When the extraction of a tooth is required:
- An incision in the gums is made
- The tooth is removed
- The area is stitched up and is allowed to heal
During this time, it is important to think about a tooth replacement option. An extracted tooth leaves an open area in the jaw which, in time, allows the neighboring teeth to drift into the area where the tooth was extracted. This in turn, causes a chain reaction with all the surrounding teeth. Also, if you are considering placing an implant in the future, you should consider asking your dentist to place a bone graft at the time of surgery to preserve the bone width and height.
Tooth Socket Graft
When a tooth is extracted there is often some resorption of the surrounding bone and gum tissue, resulting in less height and width than before the tooth was extracted.
It is important to preserve the bone and surrounding gum tissue to prevent cosmetic and functional defects. Bone and gum loss results in an unsightly collapsed appearance and prevents adequate replacement of the tooth.
We use special bioengineered bone material inside an empty socket. This material, structured similarly to human bone, not only supports new bone growth but also has been shown to preserve bone and overlying soft tissue following tooth removal. Bone graft material is then covered with a natural fiber material to protect both the graft and newly forming bone and to help support and guide new soft tissue growth.
The combination of preserved bone not only prevents resorption of the bone and gums, but also provides a strong base for placing a dental implant, thus completely replacing the old tooth and its root and creating a natural smile.
After Extraction Care
- DO NOT RINSE MOUTH TODAY — Tomorrow rinse mouth gently every 3 to 4 hours (especially after meals) using one teaspoon of salt to a glass of warm water. Continue rinses for a week.
- BLEEDING — Following extractions some is to be expected. If persistent bleeding occurs, place gauze pads over the bleeding area and bite down firmly for one-half hour. Repeat if necessary.
- SWELLING — Ice bag or chopped ice wrapped in a towel should be applied to the operated area, one-half hour on, and one-half hour off for 4-5 hours.
- PAIN — For mild to average pain use any non-aspirin type of medication you like. If the doctor prescribes a specific pain medication, follow the instructions and do not mix with other medications unless approved by your doctor.
- FOOD — Light diet is advisable during the first 24 hours.
- BONY EDGES — Small sharp bone fragments may work up through the gums during the first month of healing. These are not roots, if annoying, return to this office for their simple removal.
- If any unusual symptoms occur, call the office at once.
- The proper care following oral surgical procedures will hasten recovery and prevent complications.